What is the difference between physical volume and logical volume in Linux?

What is physical and logical volume?

Physical volumes are managed by logical volumes. A logical volume presents a user with a contiguous address space; that is, a logical volume simulates one large contiguous storage space by using regions of different disks.

What is logical volume and physical volume in Linux?

Physical volumes ( PV ) are the base “block” that you need in order to manipulate a disk using Logical Volume Manager ( LVM ). … A physical volume is any physical storage device, such as a Hard Disk Drive ( HDD ), Solid State Drive ( SSD ), or partition, that has been initialized as a physical volume with LVM.

What is the difference between file system logical volume physical volume and volume group?

With LVM, “logical” partitions can span across physical hard drives and can be resized (unlike traditional ext3 “raw” partitions). A physical disk is divided into one or more physical volumes (Pvs), and logical volume groups (VGs) are created by combining PVs.

What is the difference between LVM and RAID?

RAID is used for redundancy. LVM is a way in which you partition the hard disk logically and it contains its own advantages. … A RAID device is a physical grouping of disk devices in order to create a logical presentation of one device to an Operating System for redundancy or performance or a combination of the two.

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What do you mean by logical volume?

Logical volumes are groups of information located on physical volumes. A hierarchy of structures is used to manage disk storage. … All of the physical volumes in a volume group are divided into physical partitions (PPs) of the same size.

What does physical volume mean?

A physical volume is a collection of disk partitions used to store all server data. Physical volumes have a maximum size of 16 TB. Because a physical volume can contain any portion of one or more disks, you must specify several characteristics of a physical volume when creating it.

How do I remove physical volume?

To remove any physical volume in a volume group vgreduce command can be used. The vgreduce command shrinks the volume group by removing one or more PVs. We can then either use these free PVS in another VG or remove them from the LVM configuration.

What is volume in Linux?

In computer data storage, a volume or logical drive is a single accessible storage area with a single file system, typically (though not necessarily) resident on a single partition of a hard disk.

How do you create a logical volume?

To create a logical volume, use the lvcreate command. You can create linear volumes, striped volumes, and mirrored volumes, as described in the following subsections. If you do not specify a name for the logical volume, the default name lvol# is used where # is the internal number of the logical volume.

Should I use Logical Volume Management?

LVM can be extremely helpful in dynamic environments, when disks and partitions are often moved or resized. While normal partitions can also be resized, LVM is a lot more flexible and provides extended functionality. As a mature system, LVM is also very stable and every Linux distribution supports it by default.

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What is a volume group?

A volume group is a collection of 1 to 32 physical volumes of varying sizes and types. A big volume group can have from 1 to 128 physical volumes. A scalable volume group can have up to 1024 physical volumes. A physical volume can belong to only one volume group per system; there can be up to 255 active volume groups.

Does LVM use RAID?

LVM supports RAID levels 0, 1, 4, 5, 6, and 10. An LVM RAID volume has the following characteristics: RAID logical volumes created and managed by LVM leverage the Multiple Devices (MD) kernel drivers. You can temporarily split RAID1 images from the array and merge them back into the array later.

Is ZFS better than RAID?

ZFS is an awesome file system that offers you way better data integrity protection than other file system + RAID solution combination.

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